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    关于英语的问题

    发布时间:2020-03-21

    “宾语补足语”顾名思义就是修饰宾语的咯、而宾语在很多情况下都为名词。通常情况下修饰这个宾语都有形容词、现在分词、过去分词、介词短语等。一般在初3时以形容词为主、是比较简单地、举个例子:{find movies interesting}在此句中:“电影为宾语”、“有趣的"为宾补,你会发现形容词做为宾补修饰名词。简单吧。由此用法的还有get/have \make等、以后再做提示多留心点.

    回复:

    语是指名词在动词和介词后面的变化形式,动词一般变成现在分词(ing形式)
    劝肯斑废职肚带觅补语是指对名词的补足介绍

    回复:

    一·宾语从句的常见用法例句:
    1 We know (that) we should study hard. (that可省略,它在句子中不担任成分)
    2 I don't think he can pass tha exam. (think,believe,suppose后的that一般都省略)
    3 They believed they would win the game.
    4 You must take back what you said. (what是连接代词,连接主语you must take back和从句you said;what也是谓语动词said的宾语)
    你必须收回你所说的话
    5 Could you tell me who he is? (who即使连接词,又是表语)
    6 I know who did the good deed. (who在从句中作主语)
    我知道谁做的这件好事
    7 He asked me which shirt I liked best. ( which在从句中担任定语,修饰shirt)
    8 I want to know when the plane will take off. (when既连接主句I want to know和从句the plane will take off,又担任时间状语)
    9 Our teacher asked me why I was late. (why担任原因状语)
    10 Mike asked me how I could do the work without any help. (how在从句中作方式状语)
    11 We don't know if/wether our teachers will attend the class meeting. (if/wether连接主句We don't know和从句,不能省略)
    12 Please let me know whether or not you'll come to the party. (wether or not不担任成分,起连接作用,不用if)

    二·一般疑问句变为宾语从句时,语序变为申述句语序,用if/wether连接:
    一般疑问句 宾语从句
    1 Does he study hard? I wonder if/wether he studies hard.
    2 Will they win? I asked if/wether they would win.

    三·特殊疑问句变为宾语从句时,语序变为陈述语序,保留原来的疑问句:
    特殊疑问句 宾语从句
    1 Who is he? Do you know who he is?
    2 What does he want? I don't know what he wants.
    3 When did he leave? 诠履皋何薤蛊鸽坍龚开 I know when he left.
    4 Where will he arrive? She asked me where he would arrive.
    5 How can I get there? Please tell me how I can get there.
    6 How long did it take you tofinish the job? Did he know how long it took you to finish the job?
    7 Why won't you spend the holiday with them? She wants to know why I won't spend the holiday with them.
    8 Which skirt do you like best? My mother ask me which skirt I liked best.
    *特例:对主语提问,特殊疑问句的语序不变,变为宾语从句时语序依然不变:
    宾语从句 特殊疑问句
    Who went there? I wonder who went there.

    回复:

    “我帮助她考试雍芫边度装道跌乱”比如“他问我”、“我告诉你答案”,需要加上点儿东西补足,比如“他问我作业”,这样的句子意思不完整、“我帮助她”、“我告诉你”,这样意思才完整,后边加上的部分就算是补足语

    回复:

    宾语补足语:某些及物动词的宾语后面还需要有一个补足语,意思才完整,宾语和它的补足语构成复合宾语。而复合宾语的第一部分通常由名词或代词充当,第二部分表示第一部分的名词或代词发出的动作或身份、特征等,称为宾语补足语。 举例I'm going to paint it pink.我打算把它涂成粉红色(选自《新概念英语第一册》)句子中的“it”显然是宾语。但是主语将要做的并不是it,而是“paint it pink”。“pink” 是句子中的宾语补足语。它和宾语之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,也就是说从逻辑上来讲,是it呈现了pink的状态,让句子意思更加完整。这里的宾语it与宾补pink的关系是系动词与表语的关系(即主系表结构),如大家所知,主系表结构是为了呈现主语的特点特征、状态、身份等信息。本质意思是it is pink,形式表现是it pink。句子中的“pink”是形容词做宾语补足语。能够充当宾补的大致还有:不定式,现在分词,过去分词,副词,介宾短语。一般情况下,宾补通常紧跟在宾语之后。比如:I find learning English difficult.(difficult是形容词做宾补)I saw the kite up and down.(up and down是副词做宾补)Tom made the girl cry.(cry是省略不定式符号to的动词不定式)常跟复合宾语的动词有:call(叫),named(叫做),make(做),think(思考),find(找),leave(离开),keep(保持),nominate(任命),choose,elect(选举),define(定义),regard(认为), see(看),recognize(认出),treat,take,consider(考虑),look up,refer to(提到),accept(接受),acknowledge(承认),describe,depict(描述),represent(表现出),declare(宣称),denounce(指责),employ(雇佣),use(使用),show(展示),organize,express(表达)等。 注意☆当感官动词和使役动词,如:see,hear,notice,watch,feel,observe(感官动词)make,have,let,(使役动词)接宾语补足语时,不定式的符号to必须省略。不定式作get的宾语补足语时不省略to在help后,不定式可以带to,也可不带。补充:简单句常见结构有:“主语+谓语”结构: 句子由主语和谓语两部分构成,谓语动词是不及物动词。“主语+谓语+宾语”结构:谓语动词是及物动词,后面接有宾语。“主语+系动词+表语”结构:表语通常是名词或形容词。“主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语”结构:谓语动词是及物动词。“主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语”结构:有一些句子有了前3个成分后,还需要有一个宾语补足语对宾语做出补充说明,表明宾语的身份,特征等,使句意完整。宾语和宾语补足语一起构成复合宾语。如果宾语和宾补是逻辑上的被动关系,则宾补须用过去分词形式。如:Jenny hopes that Mr.Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English improved in a short period.珍妮希望史密斯先生建议一个好办法,让她在短期内提高英语写作。如果宾语和宾补是逻辑上的主动关系,则宾补须用过现在分词形式,如:He could hear his heart beating fast.他可以听见自己的心脏跳得很快。Do you smell something buring?(buring可以理解为现在分词,也可理解为形容词)你闻到烧焦的气味了吗? 用法复合宾语的两个组成部分在意义上是一种逻辑上的“主谓关系”,宾语补足语(简称为宾补)说明宾语所表示的人或物的属类、性质、状态等。宾补在句中的位置是相对固定的,单个跟在名词前,多个放在句尾但由于种种原因,宾补的这种相对固定的位置有时也会发生变异。一般说来,宾补的位置变异有四种句型:句型一宾补+主语+谓语+宾语在这种句型中,宾补前移到句首(或从句的句首)。这主要有以下几种情况。1.为了强调而前移当我们要突出强调宾补时,就把它移至句首。置于句首的宾补可以是名词、形容词(短语)、分词短语、介词短语等。如:Chairman of the committee they have electedEleanor.他们选举埃利诺担任这个委员会的主席。2.为了句子的连贯而前移在并列句中,有时为了与前面的分句更好地衔接,使分句之间的意思连接得更加紧密,意思表达得更加清楚有力,就将后面分句的宾补提到句首。如:Traitor he has become,and traitor we shacall him.他已经成了叛徒,我们就得叫他叛徒。3.为了对照而前移在并列句中,宾补的前移有助于鲜明地对照相邻的两个分句间提到的意义有差异的两件事情。如:I knew you were careless,but dishonest never thought you.我知道你粗心大意,但从不认为你不诚实。4.在感叹句中宾补的前移用感叹词what或how开头的对宾补进行强调的感叹句,宾补必须紧跟在what或how之后。如:What a villain he must have thought.他一定会认为我是个大坏蛋!5.在疑问句中宾补的前移用疑问词作宾补或对“疑问词+宾补”进行提问,这时疑问词或“疑问词+宾补”须前移至句首。如:What do you call this kind of flower?这种花你们叫什么?6.让步状语从句中宾补的前移中学英语在as,however等引导的让步状语从句中,有时也须把宾补提到从句的开头,其后采用正常语序。如:Charming as he found her,she had struckhim as rather presumptuous.尽管他觉得她很美,他仍然认为她相当高傲。句型二主语+谓语+宾补+宾语产生这种结构的原因主要有两个:1.宾语(或连带它的修饰语)较长,而宾补较短时,为了平衡句子结构,就把宾补提到宾语之前。我们常见的一些动词词组如cut open,cut short,lay bare,let slip,let go,make certain,make clear,make goodmake possible,set free等都属于这种情况。如:Don’t let fly away this little strange bird.不要放走这只奇怪的小鸟。2.宾语本身带有一个较长的定语或同位语时,就把宾补放在宾语前。如:They proved wrong the news brought bythe newly-arrived visitors.他们证明新到的客人们带来的消息是不确实的。句型三宾语+主语+谓语+宾补有时为了强调宾语,就将其提到句首,宾补就跟在谓语之后了。如:This substance we call water and comesnext only to oxygen.这种物质我们称之为水,其重要性仅次于氧。句型四主语+谓语+宾语+其他成分+宾补有时在宾语和宾补之间插入了定语、同位语、状语或插入语,从而造成了宾语与宾补的分隔。1.插入定语或同位语因宾语后面带有一个无法分割的定语或同位语,因而只好把宾补放在宾语的定语或同位语之后。如:He found the name he wanted written obscurely on one of the doors.他看到他要寻找的人名模模糊糊地写在一扇门上。2.插入状语I once saw a jewel fish,during such aevening transport of straying children,perform deed which absolutely astonished me.我有一次看到宝石鱼在转运迷路的小鱼的过程中做出了一个使我大吃一惊的动作。3.插入插入语Let us not,I beseech you,sir,deceive ourselves any longer.先生,我恳求你们再不要继续自己欺骗自己了。

    回复:

    1名词preference 形容词preferable更可取的,更好的 preferential优先的,优待的 2名词choice 形容词choice做形容词意为精选的,上等的,可选的 choosy慎重选择的,好挑剔的 3动词nourish 形容词nourishing 4名词energy 动词energize使活跃,给予精力,...

    回复:

    宾语是指名词在动词和介词后面的变化形式,动词一般变成现在分词(ing形式) 补语是指对名词的补足介绍,通常成为宾语重句(句中加that) 有不懂可以追问 请采纳。

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